From a Natural History Point of View the Amazon is still a green unknown world and new species are being discovered at an amazing rate. See this report of WWF that shows that between 2014 en 2015 every two days a news species is being discovered. In two years time 381 new animal and plant species. 216 plants, 93 fishes, 32 amphibians, 20 mammals (2 of which fossils), 19 reptiles en 1 bird.
One of the recent plant species is Vochysia peruviana, a new species described by Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, one of our ATDN colleagues.